Android RSS - ListView - Download,Parse,Show Headlines

android rss

This is an android RSS example with XmlPullParser,AsyncTask ,HttpURLConnection and ListView..We shall download RSS Feeds from a local website and then parse the feed.We then show parsed images and text news in our ListView.

What we do :

  • Connect to Internet and make a HTTP GET request using HtttpURLConnection.
  • Download our data in the background thread.
  • WE use AsyncTask for our threading.
  • WE parse the downloaded xml feeds.
  • We shall be parsing using XmlPullParser.
  • We show our results in a ListView.
  • Our results shall consist of images and text.
  • The website we shall be parsing was hosted locally and it was a dummy wordpress site.

SECTION 1 : Our Dependencies and Manifest

Build.Gradle

  • Studio has added for us dependencies for AppCompat and Design support libraries.
apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

android {
    compileSdkVersion 23
    buildToolsVersion "23.0.2"

    defaultConfig {
        applicationId "com.tutorials.hp.simplelistviewrss"
        minSdkVersion 15
        targetSdkVersion 23
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"
    }
    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled false
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
        }
    }
}

dependencies {
    compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
    testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:23.3.0'
    compile 'com.android.support:design:23.3.0'
}

AndroidManifest.xml

  • Remember we are downloading data from a network.
  • Hence we need to add permission to access the internet.
  • Or else Android won't allow us establish connection.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.tutorials.hp.simplelistviewrss">

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity
            android:name=".MainActivity"
            android:label="@string/app_name"
            android:theme="@style/AppTheme.NoActionBar">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>

SECTION 2 : Our Networking and Parsing classes

Connector class

Main Responsibility : ESTABLISH CONNECTION.

  • Establishes connection to our server for us.
  • We then set up connection properties like Request method.
  • In this case we are making a HTTP GET request to our server.
  • We shall use HttpURLConnection so our only method shall return its instance .
package com.tutorials.hp.simplelistviewrss.m_RSS;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;

public class Connector {

    public static Object connect(String urlAddress)
    {
        try
        {
            URL url=new URL(urlAddress);
            HttpURLConnection con= (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();

            con.setRequestMethod("GET");
            con.setConnectTimeout(15000);
            con.setReadTimeout(15000);
            con.setDoInput(true);

            return con;

        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return ErrorTracker.WRONG_URL_FORMAT;

        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return ErrorTracker.CONNECTION_ERROR;
        }
    }

}

Downloader class

Main Responsibility : DOWNLOAD XML FEEDS.

  • We use our Connector class above to establish a connection.
  • If we have a connection then we download data XML feeds from server.
  • We download in background using AsyncTask to avoid freezing our user interface.
  • Meanwhile we show progress dialog while downloading.
  • We dismiss our progress dialog on completion.
  • Then we send this downloaded xml feeds to our Data Parser class for it to be processed.
package com.tutorials.hp.simplelistviewrss.m_RSS;

import android.app.ProgressDialog;
import android.content.Context;
import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;

public class Downloader extends AsyncTask<Void,Void,Object> {

    Context c;
    String urlAddress;
    ListView lv;

    ProgressDialog pd;

    public Downloader(Context c, String urlAddress, ListView lv) {
        this.c = c;
        this.urlAddress = urlAddress;
        this.lv = lv;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
        super.onPreExecute();
        pd=new ProgressDialog(c);
        pd.setTitle("Fetch Headlines");
        pd.setMessage("Fetching....Please wait");
        pd.show();
    }

    @Override
    protected Object doInBackground(Void... params) {
        return this.downloadData();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(Object data) {
        super.onPostExecute(data);
        pd.dismiss();

        if(data.toString().startsWith("Error"))
        {
            Toast.makeText(c,data.toString(),Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }else {
            //PARSE
            new RSSParser(c, (InputStream) data,lv).execute();
        }
    }

    private Object downloadData()
    {
        Object connection=Connector.connect(urlAddress);
        if(connection.toString().startsWith("Error"))
        {
            return connection.toString();
        }

        try
        {
            HttpURLConnection con= (HttpURLConnection) connection;
            InputStream is=new BufferedInputStream(con.getInputStream());

            return is;

        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return ErrorTracker.IO_EROR;
        }
    }
}

RSS Parser class

Main Responsibility : DOWNLOAD XML FEEDS.

  • It receives raw XML feeds from downloader class.
  • It then processes/parses these feeds.
  • We use XmlPullParser to parse the feeds.
  • It then fills an arraylist of Article Objects with our results.
  • It then sends this arraylist to adapter for binding purposes.
package com.tutorials.hp.simplelistviewrss.m_RSS;

import android.app.ProgressDialog;
import android.content.Context;
import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import org.xmlpull.v1.XmlPullParser;
import org.xmlpull.v1.XmlPullParserException;
import org.xmlpull.v1.XmlPullParserFactory;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.util.ArrayList;

public class RSSParser extends AsyncTask<Void,Void,Boolean> {

    Context c;
    InputStream is;
    ListView lv;

    ProgressDialog pd;
    ArrayList<String> headlines=new ArrayList<>();

    public RSSParser(Context c, InputStream is, ListView lv) {
        this.c = c;
        this.is = is;
        this.lv = lv;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
        super.onPreExecute();
        pd=new ProgressDialog(c);
        pd.setTitle("Parse Data");
        pd.setMessage("Parsing...Please wait");
        pd.show();
    }

    @Override
    protected Boolean doInBackground(Void... params) {
        return this.parseRSS();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(Boolean isParsed) {
        super.onPostExecute(isParsed);
        pd.dismiss();
        if(isParsed)
        {
            //BIND
            lv.setAdapter(new ArrayAdapter<String>(c,android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1,headlines));

        }else {
            Toast.makeText(c,"Unable To Parse",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }

    private Boolean parseRSS()
    {
        try
        {
            XmlPullParserFactory factory=XmlPullParserFactory.newInstance();
            XmlPullParser parser=factory.newPullParser();

            //SET STREAM
            parser.setInput(is,null);
            headlines.clear();
            String headline=null;
            Boolean isWebsiteTitle=true;

            int event=parser.getEventType();

            do {
                String name=parser.getName();

                switch (event)
                {
                    case XmlPullParser.START_TAG:
                        break;

                    case XmlPullParser.TEXT:
                        headline=parser.getText();
                        break;

                    case XmlPullParser.END_TAG:
                        if(isWebsiteTitle)
                        {
                            isWebsiteTitle=false;
                        }else if(name.equals("title"))
                        {
                            headlines.add(headline);
                        }
                        break;
                }

                event=parser.next();

            }while (event != XmlPullParser.END_DOCUMENT);

            return true;

        } catch (XmlPullParserException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return false;
    }
}

Error Tracker class

Main Responsibility : HELP US TRACK CONNECTION EXCEPTIONS AT RUNTIME

  •  Consists of constants that we shall display when we encounter error at runtime.
package com.tutorials.hp.simplelistviewrss.m_RSS;

public class ErrorTracker {

    public final static String WRONG_URL_FORMAT="Error : Wrong URL Format";
    public final static String CONNECTION_ERROR="Error : Unable To Establish Connection";
    public final static String IO_EROR="Error : Unable To Read";

}

SECTION 3 : Our Activity

MainActivity class.

Main Responsibility : LAUNCH OUR APP.

  • We shall reference the views like ListView and Floating action button here,from our XML Layouts.
  • We then execute our Downloader class when Floating action button is clicked.
  • We shall also define here our feeds url and parse the data.
package com.tutorials.hp.simplelistviewrss;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.design.widget.FloatingActionButton;
import android.support.design.widget.Snackbar;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ListView;

import com.tutorials.hp.simplelistviewrss.m_RSS.Downloader;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    final static String urlAddress="http://10.0.2.2/galacticnews/index.php/feed/";

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        Toolbar toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
        setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
        FloatingActionButton fab = (FloatingActionButton) findViewById(R.id.fab);

        final ListView lv= (ListView) findViewById(R.id.lv);

        fab.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {

                new Downloader(MainActivity.this,urlAddress,lv).execute();
            }
        });
    }

}

SECTION 5 : Our Layouts

ActivityMain.xml Layout.

  • Inflated as our activity's view.
  • Includes our content main.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
    tools:context="com.tutorials.hp.simplelistviewrss.MainActivity">

    <android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme.AppBarOverlay">

        <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
            android:id="@+id/toolbar"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="?attr/actionBarSize"
            android:background="?attr/colorPrimary"
            app:popupTheme="@style/AppTheme.PopupOverlay" />

    </android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout>

    <include layout="@layout/content_main" />

    <android.support.design.widget.FloatingActionButton
        android:id="@+id/fab"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="bottom|end"
        android:layout_margin="@dimen/fab_margin"
        android:src="@android:drawable/ic_dialog_email" />

</android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout>

ContentMain.xml Layout.

  • Defines our view hierarchy.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior"
    tools:context="com.tutorials.hp.simplelistviewrss.MainActivity"
    tools:showIn="@layout/activity_main">

    <ListView
        android:id="@+id/lv"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
         />
</RelativeLayout>

LAST SECTION

  • Lets share more tips in OUR FB PAGE.
  • To see the XML  we were parsing and the website itself please have look at the tutorial at our youtbe channel : ProgramminWizards.
  • You'll also find the demo for this example and step by step explanations.

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