Android PHP MySQL Save - HTTP POST [HttpURLConnection]

android networking

Android MySQL HttpURLConnection HTTP POST tutorial.

PHP MySQL Save - HTTP POST tutorial here. In this tutorial we are covering how to save data to MySql database via PHP using HttpUrlConnection. If you prefer video tutorial check below at the bottom of this page. 

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Full Code

This android php mysql save save tutorial.We are using HttpURLConnection to make a HTTP POST request.

1. PHP Code

Here's our php code:

<?php

$host='127.0.0.1';
$username='root';
$pwd='';
$db="soccerDB";

$con=mysqli_connect($host,$username,$pwd,$db) or die('Unable to connect');

if(mysqli_connect_error($con))
{
    echo "Failed to Connect to Database ".mysqli_connect_error();
}

$name=$_POST['Name'];
$pos=$_POST['Position'];
$team=$_POST['Team'];

$sql="INSERT INTO soccerTB(Name,Position,Team) VALUES('$name','$pos','$team')";

$result=mysqli_query($con,$sql);

if($result)
{
    echo ('Successfully Saved');
}else
{
    echo('Not saved Successfully');
}
mysqli_close($con);

?>

2. Java Code.

Android apps can be mainly written in Java or Kotlin. These days however there are many frameworks like Flutter also which use languages like Dart.

In this class we are using Java programming language.

We will have these classes in our project.

(a). Our Connector Class
  • Has a static connect method that takes a URL Address string and returns a HttpURLConnection object.
  • Simply establishes connection to our server.
  • We set connction properties like Request method which is "POST",as we are making a HTTP POST request.
package com.tutorials.hp.mysqlinsert;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;

public class Connector {

    /*
    1.SHALL HELP US ESTABLISH A CONNECTION TO THE NETWORK
    1. WE ARE MAKING A POST REQUEST
    */
    public static HttpURLConnection connect(String urlAddress) {

        try
        {
            URL url=new URL(urlAddress);
            HttpURLConnection con= (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();

            //SET PROPERTIES
            con.setRequestMethod("POST");
            con.setConnectTimeout(20000);
            con.setReadTimeout(20000);
            con.setDoInput(true);
            con.setDoOutput(true);

            //RETURN
            return con;

        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return null;

    }

}
(b). Our DataPackager Class
  • Basically,we package our data here for sending.
  • First we add them to aJSON Object.
  • Then we encode them into UTF-8 format using URLEncorder class.
  • Then we return it as a string ready to be written over the network.
package com.tutorials.hp.mysqlinsert;

import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;

import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URLEncoder;
import java.util.Iterator;

/**
 * 1.BASICALLY PACKS DATA WE WANNA SEND
 */
public class DataPackager {

    String name,position,team;

    /*
    SECTION 1.RECEIVE ALL DATA WE WANNA SEND
     */
    public DataPackager(String name, String position, String team) {
        this.name = name;
        this.position = position;
        this.team = team;
    }

    /*
   SECTION 2
   1.PACK THEM INTO A JSON OBJECT
   1. READ ALL THIS DATA AND ENCODE IT INTO A FROMAT THAT CAN BE SENT VIA NETWORK
    */
    public String packData()
    {
        JSONObject jo=new JSONObject();
        StringBuffer packedData=new StringBuffer();

        try
        {
            jo.put("Name",name);
            jo.put("Position",position);
            jo.put("Team",team);

            Boolean firstValue=true;

            Iterator it=jo.keys();

            do {
                String key=it.next().toString();
                String value=jo.get(key).toString();

                if(firstValue)
                {
                    firstValue=false;
                }else
                {
                    packedData.append("&");
                }

                packedData.append(URLEncoder.encode(key,"UTF-8"));
                packedData.append("=");
                packedData.append(URLEncoder.encode(value,"UTF-8"));

            }while (it.hasNext());

            return packedData.toString();

        } catch (JSONException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return null;
    }

}
(c). Our Sender Class
  • Yes,its our Sender class.To send us our data.
  • We send our data in a background thread using AsyncTask,the super class of this sender class.
  • While sending data in background,we show our Progressdialog,starting it in onPreExcecute() and dismissing immediately onPostExecute() is called.
  • We establish an outputStream,write to it using OutputStreamWriter().
  • The OutputStreamWriter() instance,we pass to BufferedWriter() instance.
  • The bufferedWriter() instance writes our data.
  • We then read the server response using bufferedreader instance.
package com.tutorials.hp.mysqlinsert;

import android.app.ProgressDialog;
import android.content.Context;
import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.BufferedWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;

/**
 * 1.SEND DATA FROM EDITTEXT OVER THE NETWORK
 * 2.DO IT IN BACKGROUND THREAD
 * 3.READ RESPONSE FROM A SERVER
 */
public class Sender extends AsyncTask<Void,Void,String> {

    Context c;
    String urlAddress;
    EditText nameTxt,posTxt,teamTxt;

    String name,pos,team;

    ProgressDialog pd;

    /*
            1.OUR CONSTRUCTOR
    2.RECEIVE CONTEXT,URL ADDRESS AND EDITTEXTS FROM OUR MAINACTIVITY
    */
    public Sender(Context c, String urlAddress,EditText...editTexts) {
        this.c = c;
        this.urlAddress = urlAddress;

        //INPUT EDITTEXTS
        this.nameTxt=editTexts[0];
        this.posTxt=editTexts[1];
        this.teamTxt=editTexts[2];

        //GET TEXTS FROM EDITEXTS
        name=nameTxt.getText().toString();
        pos=posTxt.getText().toString();
        team=teamTxt.getText().toString();

    }
    /*
   1.SHOW PROGRESS DIALOG WHILE DOWNLOADING DATA
    */
    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
        super.onPreExecute();

        pd=new ProgressDialog(c);
        pd.setTitle("Send");
        pd.setMessage("Sending..Please wait");
        pd.show();
    }

    /*
    1.WHERE WE SEND DATA TO NETWORK
    2.RETURNS FOR US A STRING
     */
    @Override
    protected String doInBackground(Void... params) {
        return this.send();
    }

    /*
  1. CALLED WHEN JOB IS OVER
  2. WE DISMISS OUR PD
  3.RECEIVE A STRING FROM DOINBACKGROUND
   */
    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(String response) {
        super.onPostExecute(response);

        pd.dismiss();

        if(response != null)
        {
            //SUCCESS
            Toast.makeText(c,response,Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

            nameTxt.setText("");
            posTxt.setText("");
            teamTxt.setText("");
        }else
        {
            //NO SUCCESS
            Toast.makeText(c,"Unsuccessful "+response,Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        }
    }

/*
SEND DATA OVER THE NETWORK
RECEIVE AND RETURN A RESPONSE
 */
    private String send()
    {
        //CONNECT
        HttpURLConnection con=Connector.connect(urlAddress);

        if(con==null)
        {
            return null;
        }

        try
        {
            OutputStream os=con.getOutputStream();

            //WRITE
            BufferedWriter bw=new BufferedWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(os,"UTF-8"));
            bw.write(new DataPackager(name,pos,team).packData());

            bw.flush();

            //RELEASE RES
            bw.close();
            os.close();

            //HAS IT BEEN SUCCESSFUL?
            int responseCode=con.getResponseCode();

            if(responseCode==con.HTTP_OK)
            {
                //GET EXACT RESPONSE
                BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(con.getInputStream()));
                StringBuffer response=new StringBuffer();

                String line;

                //READ LINE BY LINE
                while ((line=br.readLine()) != null)
                {
                    response.append(line);
                }

                //RELEASE RES
                br.close();

                return response.toString();

            }else
            {

            }

        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return null;
    }

}
(d). Our MainActivity
  • Launcher activity.
  • Initialize UI like EditTexts.
  • Starts the sender Asynctask on button click,passing on urladdress and edittext.
package com.tutorials.hp.mysqlinsert;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;

/*
1.OUR LAUNCHER ACTIVITY
2.INITIALIZE SOME UI STUFF
3.WE START SENDER ON BUTTON CLICK
 */
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    String urlAddress="http://10.0.2.2/android/poster.php";
    EditText nameTxt,posTxt,teamTxt;
    Button saveBtn;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        Toolbar toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
        setSupportActionBar(toolbar);

        //INITIALIZE UI FIELDS
        nameTxt= (EditText) findViewById(R.id.nameEditTxt);
        posTxt= (EditText) findViewById(R.id.posEditTxt);
        teamTxt= (EditText) findViewById(R.id.teamEditTxt);
        saveBtn= (Button) findViewById(R.id.saveBtn);

        saveBtn.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {

                //START ASYNC TASK
                Sender s=new Sender(MainActivity.this,urlAddress,nameTxt,posTxt,teamTxt);
                s.execute();
            }
        });

    }

}

3. Resoources.

Android platform provides a powerful and flexible way of adding static content as a resource.

These static content will also be packaged into the APK file. The static content will be stored either as a resource or as an asset.

Resources belong to a given type. These types can be:

  1. Drawable.
  2. Layout.
  3. Value.

Let's start by looking at the layout resources

(a). activity_main.xml

This layout will get inflated into the main activity's user interface. This will happen via the Activity's setContentView() method which will require us to pass it the layout.

We will do so inside the onCreate() method of Activity.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
    tools:context="com.tutorials.hp.mysqlinsert.MainActivity">

    <android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme.AppBarOverlay">

        <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
            android:id="@+id/toolbar"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="?attr/actionBarSize"
            android:background="?attr/colorPrimary"
            app:popupTheme="@style/AppTheme.PopupOverlay" />

    </android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout>

    <include layout="@layout/content_main" />

    <android.support.design.widget.FloatingActionButton
        android:id="@+id/fab"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="bottom|end"
        android:layout_margin="@dimen/fab_margin"
        android:src="@android:drawable/ic_dialog_email" />

</android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout>
(b). ContentMain.xml
  • Our nice layout
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior"
    tools:context="com.tutorials.hp.mysqlinsert.MainActivity"
    tools:showIn="@layout/activity_main">

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Hello World!" />
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_marginTop="?attr/actionBarSize"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:paddingLeft="15dp"
        android:paddingRight="15dp"
        android:paddingTop="50dp">

        <android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout
            android:id="@+id/nameLayout"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content">

            <EditText
                android:id="@+id/nameEditTxt"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:singleLine="true"
                android:hint= "Name" />
        </android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout>

        <android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout
            android:id="@+id/teamLayout"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content">

            <EditText
                android:id="@+id/teamEditTxt"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"

                android:hint="Description" />
        </android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout>

        <android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout
            android:id="@+id/posLayout"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content">

            <EditText
                android:id="@+id/posEditTxt"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"

                android:hint="Position" />
            <!--android:inputType="textPassword"-->
        </android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout>

        <Button android:id="@+id/saveBtn"
            android:layout_width="fill_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="Save"
            android:clickable="true"
            android:background="@color/colorAccent"
            android:layout_marginTop="40dp"
            android:textColor="@android:color/white"/>

    </LinearLayout>

</RelativeLayout>

4. AndroidManifest.xml

Remember to add permission for internet in your manifest file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.tutorials.hp.mysqlinsert">

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity
            android:name=".MainActivity"
            android:label="@string/app_name"
            android:theme="@style/AppTheme.NoActionBar">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>

Download

Hey,everything is in source code reference that is well commented and easy to understand and can be downloaded below.

Also check our video tutorial it's more detailed and explained in step by step.

No. Location Link
1. GitHub Direct Download
2. GitHub Browse
3. YouTube Video Tutorial

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